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Melt the riches of the Issyk-Kul

 

Before the trip to Kyrgyzstan Aidos to Koilubaev, a colleague at Northern fleet and a native of Bishkek, and nowadays the inhabitant of Moscow, admonished: “make Sure you go to Issyk-Kul”. According to him, to be in Kyrgyzstan and not to see this beautiful lake is not to visit red square arrived in Moscow. And the Aidos strongly recommended to enjoy Marinka, chebachok and other fish of Issyk-Kul.

At the entrance to Balykchi town and on the road around the lake catch the eye billboards “take care of the Issyk-Kul lake — the beauty of the earth”. The Kirghiz themselves call it the “jewel” of their country. Testify in person: have something. As the lake itself and surrounding landscapes are very beautiful. And the water in Issyk-Kul in its purity is second only to lake Baikal. Its color varies from light azure to dark blue. Along the perimeter at different distances along the coast are snow-covered ridges, which gives additional charm. The nature scenery very much varies depending on specific location. If the East is the steppe on dark chestnut soils, on mountain slopes of the West is semi — desert, but in the East, at similar altitudes, especially along the gorges of Terskey Ala-too, stretches of dense spruce forest.

Issyk-Kul is associated with many legends about the flooded cities and hidden treasures. Many of these stories at least based on real facts. In the coastal area of the lake found a few medieval towns that were flooded by rising water level, and now again start to appear from under her.

Going to the lake and bearing in mind the mandate of the former sailors of the North Aidos Koylubaeva, different sources read about the local inhabitants of the deep. It turns out that the water of Issyk-Kul, rich in oxygen, is inhabited by 13 fish species belonging to families Cyprinidae, Vukovich and salmon, including the naked Osman, common carp, grey loach. A long geographical separation and isolation of the lake (terminating the connection with Chu river) has caused the fish to the development of new traits that led to the formation of SPE-cifically forms, characteristic only of Issyk-Kul. Such pure Issyk-Kul species include Marinka, chebak, chebachok (herring), sloth, minnow and gudgeon.

In Soviet times was carried out systematic work on the enrichment of lake Issyk-Kul is the most valuable commercial fish species. In the lake were released fry of the Sevan trout, Siberian sturgeon, Northern whitefish, pike-perch of the Volga.

As locals told, first fish in Issyk-Kul was in abundance — Kyrgyz population did not catch her, for she has not eaten. It turns out that the inhabitants of Kyrgyzstan, there is no tradition to eat fish in quantities necessary for normal life. In terms of consumption of seafood Kyrgyzstan at the very end of who list.

With the collapse of the Union fishery on an industrial scale has sunk into eternity. Stocks Osman, chebak, the common carp has declined as a result of predatory spring fishing in the shallows during spawning, as well as due to the mass felling of mountain forests, contributing to the change in the flow regime of the mountain rivers and their shoaling, causing rivers such as, for example, Tamga, now do not reach the lake. The greatest harm to the ecosystem of Issyk-Kul lake causes mass poaching, thriving in the lake since the country gained independence. Whole villages in Issyk-Kul for more than two decades live on fish. Formed even the poaching of the farm: some come out to fish, and other salted product, smoked third, fourth sell.

Periodically the public service conduct raids to detect and prevent poaching. This removed dozens of boats and miles of networks. According to environmentalists, the situation in General these shares cannot change — they are irregular. Causes of mass poaching is considered a catastrophic shortage of jobs in the Issyk-Kul region and low social security of local residents.

In the country’s Parliament in three readings adopted a bill “On amendments in the “Law on fishery”. The proposed amendments involve the elimination of lake Issyk-Kul all sadkovich farms, distributing rainbow trout.

According to officials, the trout EN masse out of cages in the lake and destroys Osman, Marinka, chebak, chebachok and other endemic fish species. Rainbow trout — a serious and voracious predator. She, unlike Sevan, may hunt at any depth and rapidly eats endemics.

However, owners of farms sadkovich believe that attacks on them “ownership” is unfounded.

— Issyk-Kul lake is ideal for trout breeding, — said Vice-President of the Association of aquaculture CU Olzhas Beisembiev. — The lake does not freeze in the winter, and salted water kills bacteria. The technology is simple: from abroad, imported caviar, which in the country is incubated, and fry are produced in ponds receiving special imported food, drugs and growing”.

In the meantime, go these arguments, the unique fish stocks of the Issyk-Kul lake are reduced.

And yet the fish I tried, bought it at a natural market in Balykchi town (former fishing). The taste is indescribable. Especially local beer.

Valery GROMAK