When it comes to lake Baikal, the scientists unwittingly transferred into language of the highest degrees: the deepest lake in the world (1642 m), the world’s largest supply of free fresh water (23 600 cubic kilometers), 5 times exceeds the volume of the five Great American lakes combined. Moreover, the purity and the content of dissolved salts, this water is approaching distilled. Visibility in the Baikal can reach depths of 40-45 meters – as in clear tropical seas. The area, however, the lake occupies only 6th place in the world, but it can be compared with the territory of Belgium or the Netherlands. And when you consider the unique flora and fauna, rich history and picturesque landscapes, it becomes clear that the area needs to attract tourists, including divers and fishermen.
It was developed in the fishing and shipbuilding, but in the 1990s, companies were closed. But for one and a half decades, tourism has undergone all the stages of development and reached the level of modern industry. On the way to the lake you can find many fishing shops – if you forgot to take the bait or fishing line fluorocarbon, without which there will be not enough. Here you can find and pick the perfect one for yourself. Continue reading
The largest lake (or a lake system Saimaa) is located in South-Eastern Finland between the cities of Joensuu and Lappeenranta. It is a network of many interconnected ponds with a total water surface area of 4400 km². The shoreline of the pond stretches for 15 thousand kilometers. Winding rocky Islands, which form a whole 13710 lake Saimaa water and rocky mazes. The only river flowing out of the reservoir – Vuoksi, flows on the territory of Russia and flows into lake Ladoga.
Formed the lake basin water system of Saimaa as a result of active tectonic processes that formed Archean ancient Russian platform and the Baltic shield. Tectonic faults in the earth’s crust in geological time, powerful cover have been smoothed by glaciation. When the glacier retreated, the fault was quickly filled with melt water and became the bays of the ancient Yoldia sea Baltic sea, it happened about ten thousand years ago.
Isolation basin waters from lake Saimaa to the Baltic sea happened gradually, about eight thousand years ago. Water in the lakes Saimaa via river valley of Kalajoki flowed into the Gulf of Bothnia. As a result of catastrophic release of water from lake päijänne through the valley of the Kemijoki river breakout through Continue reading